Australian Museum Journal Disease in wild koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) with possible koala retrovirus involvement

Shortform:
Hanger and Loader, 2014. Tech. Rep. Aust. Mus., Online 24: 19–29
Author(s):
Jon J. Hanger; Jo Loader
Year published:
2014
Title:
Disease in wild koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) with possible koala retrovirus involvement
Serial title:
Technical Reports of the Australian Museum (online)
Volume:
24
Start page:
19
End page:
29
DOI:
10.3853/j.1835-4211.24.2014.1609
Language:
English
Date published:
29 May 2014
Cover date:
29 May 2014
ISSN:
1835-4211 (online)
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
RETROVIRUS; ANIMAL DISEASE; VIROLOGY; MAMMALIA: MARSUPIALIA
Digitized:
29 May 2014
Available online:
29 May 2014
Reference number:
1609
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (187kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (6999kb PDF)

Abstract

A wide range of serious, and oftentimes fatal, conditions has been observed in both free-living and captive populations of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) and are attributed, perhaps prematurely, to the koala retrovirus (KoRV). These maladies include lymphoma, leukaemia, and other bone marrow conditions, and the so-called koala AIDS. A variety of other conditions that involve disordered growth of cells and tissues, altered or inappropriate immune responses, and degenerative conditions may also be consequences of insertional mutagenesis, or other pathogenic mechanisms associated with KoRV infection. The list of potential KoRV-associated pathologies continues to grow, as more thorough and consistent approaches to clinical assessment and diagnosis are applied to wild and captive koalas.