Australian Museum Journal The radiocarbon chronology on the Norfolk Island archaeological sites

Shortform:
Anderson et al., 2001, Rec. Aust. Mus., Suppl. 27: 33–42
Author(s):
Anderson, Atholl; Higham, Tom; Wallace, Rod
Year published:
2001
Title:
The radiocarbon chronology on the Norfolk Island archaeological sites
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement
Volume:
27
Start page:
33
End page:
42
DOI:
10.3853/j.0812-7387.27.2001.1337
Language:
English
Date published:
28 November 2001
Cover date:
28 November 2001
ISBN:
ISBN 0-7347-2305-9
ISSN:
0812-7387
CODEN:
RAMSEZ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
ARCHAEOLOGY; NORFOLK ISLAND; MAMMALIA: RODENTIA
Digitized:
28 November 2001
Available online:
28 November 2001
Reference number:
1337
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (11kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (3069kb PDF)

Abstract

Radiocarbon determinations were obtained for archaeological sites at Cemetery Bay and Emily Bay, Norfolk Island. Sample materials were rat bone gelatin, marine shell and wood charcoal. Ages on bone gelatin are contradictory and suggest a laboratory problem, while ages on marine shell appear to include an old-carbon offset of 500-600 years: dates on these samples are consistent with those on charcoal when appropriate corrections are made. Ages on charcoal were divided according to the expected inbuilt age of the sample taxa. The samples with lowest inbuilt age were subjected to Bayesian analysis which concluded that the main archaeological site, at Emily Bay, had been occupied from the early thirteenth to the early fifteenth centuries A.D. The Norfolk Island settlement occurs within the same age range as other Polynesian settlements of southern islands.