Australian Museum Journal On some specimens of Chiastolite from Bimbowrie, South Australia

Shortform:
Anderson, 1902, Rec. Aust. Mus. 4(7): 298–302
Author(s):
Anderson, C.
Year published:
1902
Title:
On some specimens of Chiastolite from Bimbowrie, South Australia
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
4
Issue:
7
Start page:
298
End page:
302
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.4.1902.1106
Language:
English
Plates:
plate xlvii
Date published:
25 August 1902
Cover date:
25 August 1902
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Digitized:
13 November 2008
Available online:
05 March 2009
Reference number:
1106
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (88kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (821kb PDF)

Abstract

All the minerals examined came from the same locality, Mt. Howden, ten miles north of Bimbowrie, South Australia. The crystals are distinguished by large size, they shew the characteristic markings very distinctly, and some exhibit features which, so far as I know, have not hitherto been described. Chiastolite is a variety of andalusite, and is only distinguished from it by the constant occurrence of carbonaceous or clay-slate inclusions, disposed in the form of a cross. Andalusite and. chiastolite are characteristic of the metamorphic schists, and are usually found in the contact zones of clay slates, near granites, syenites, and diorites. The crystallographic system is orthorhombic, the forms, being very simple, usually shewing only (110) and (001). The pattern of the dark inclusions seen on a cross section varies considerably, even in different segments of the same crystal, but two chief types are apparent: (a) The crystal has a dark rhomb in the centre, the outlines of which are parallel with the crystal boundaries, and, from the angles of this rhomb, dark laminae pass to the prism angles of the crystal (macle tetragramme of Hauy); (b) further the angles of the prism may be occupied by four dark rhombs, corresponding in form with that in the centre (macle pentarhombique of Hauy.)