Image: Neanderthal head flesh reconstruction side view
This side view reconstruction shows some of the distinctive features of Neanderthal faces including the long rounded skull, bulge at the back of the skull (occipital bun), relatively flat and receding forehead, and projecting mid-face region.
- Carl Bento
- © Australian Museum
Scientists reconstructing Neanderthal appearances can now use DNA studies to help them. Researchers found a mutation in the DNA of two Neanderthal individuals that can affect skin and hair pigmentation. The researchers homed in a gene linked to hair and skin colour that produced the same kind of pigmentation changes as in humans with red hair and pale skin.