Image: Indonesian Textile E66101A
This Ikat Adat or traditional ikat is hand-woven cloth made in Ngaga village on Solor Island, east of Flores. A Portuguese fort was established on Solor Island in the 16th century to support the Portuguese whaling, as well as trade in sandalwood and spices. This European intrusion was responsible for the introduction of foreign motifs such as the elephant and Indian-derived ‘patola’ patterns.
Patola refers here to Indian-derived motifs and the method of weaving (originally in silk), where the colouring is applied to the ‘warp’ (the set of threads running lengthwise in the loom) and the ‘weft’ (the set of threads that are woven across the loom).
- Luisa Garfoot
- © Australian Museum