Animal Species:Freshwater Catfish, Tandanus tandanus (Mitchell, 1838)
The Freshwater Catfishis brown to olive green, reddish or even purplish above, and pale below. The species is endemic to Australia.
Standard Common Name
Catfish, Cattie, Dewfish, Eel-tail Freshwater Catfish, Eel-tailed Catfish, Jewfish, Kenaru, Tandan Catfish
The Freshwater Catfish has a short first dorsal fin and an eel-like tail. The second dorsal fin originates above the middle of the body. The first dorsal fin and pectoral fins are each preceded by a sharp serrated spine. The down-turned mouth is surrounded by four pairs of barbels. It has no scales. The species is brown to olive green, reddish or even purplish above, and pale below. Juveniles have dark brown to black mottling.
The species grows to 90 cm in length but is more commonly seen up to 45 cm. It weighs up to 7 kg.
The species is endemic to Australia. It occurs throughout much of the Murray-Darling River drainage and in coastal drainages from northern Queensland to central New South Wales.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
- Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications. Pp. 240.
- Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & M. Allen. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 394.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Pollard, D.A., Davis, T.L.O. & L.C. Llewellyn in McDowall, R.M. 1996. Freshwater Fishes of South-Eastern Australia. Reed Books. Pp. 247.
- Merrick, J.R. & G.E. Schmida. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Biology and Management. John R. Merrick. Pp. 409.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Freshwater Catfish, Tandanus tandanus, Plotosidae, olive green, purple, red, endemic to Australia, pale underside, Catfish, Cattie, Dewfish, Eel-tail Freshwater Catfish, Eel-tailed Catfish, Jewfish, Kenaru, Tandan Catfish, eel-like tail, down-turned mouth, brown, bloctches/mottled, 30 cm - 1 m, Murray-Darling River, coastal drainage,