Animal Species:Whitespotted Anglerfish, Phyllophryne scortea (McCulloch & Waite, 1918)

The Whitespotted Anglerfish is variable in colour. It can be yellow, orange, brown or black. The species is endemic to Australia.

Whitespotted Anglerfish at Edithburgh

John Lewis © John Lewis

Standard Common Name

Whitespotted Anglerfish

Alternative Name/s

Smooth Anglerfish, Smooth Frogfish

Identification

The Whitespotted Anglerfish is a slightly compressed, deep-bodied fish. It has a dorsal fin that is divided into four parts. The illicium protrudes from on the tip of the snout and is the first spine of the dorsal fin. It is followed by two separate spines that are covered by puffy-looking skin. The posterior surface of the second spine is concave. The fourth part of the dorsal fin comprises 15 to 16 rays.

The species is variable in colour. It can be yellow, orange, brown or black. It sometimes has white patches on the body and a yellowish band from the eye to the mouth. There may be cutaneous appendages (skin flaps) on the body.

Size range

The species grows to 10 cm in length.

Distribution

The species is endemic to Australia, occurring from Tasmania to south-western Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Phyllophryne scortea

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Whitespotted Anglerfish specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The Whitespotted Anglerfish lives on the sea floor and is usually found on coastal rocky reefs.

Classification

Species:
scortea
Genus:
Phyllophryne
Family:
Antennariidae
Order:
Lophiiformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  5. Pietsch, T.W. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.

 


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Whitespotted Anglerfish, Phyllophryne scortea, Antennariidae, variable colour, yellow, orange, brown, black, odd-shaped, endemic to Australia, deep-bodied, stripes or bands, skin flaps, 10 cm - 30 cm, sea floor, coastal water, rocky reef, marine,