Animal Species:Welcome Swallow

Welcome Swallows have short bristles at the sides of their mouths which help to guide their food (insects) into their mouths while flying at speed.

Welcome Swallow

Micheal Sevfort © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Welcome Swallow

Identification

The Welcome Swallow is metallic blue-black above, light grey below on the breast and belly, and rust on the forehead, throat and upper breast. It has a long forked tail, with a row of white spots on the individual feathers. The outer tail feathers (streamers) are slightly shorter in the female. Young Welcome Swallows are buffy white, instead of rusty, on the forehead and throat, and have shorter tail streamers.

Size range

15 cm

Similar Species

Barn Swallow, White-backed Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow, Fairy Martin, Tree Martin

Distribution

Welcome Swallows are widespread in Australia, but are less common in the far north than in the south.

Habitat

Welcome Swallows visit a wide variety of habitats with the exception of the more heavily forested regions and drier inland areas.

Seasonality

Welcome Swallows are partially migratory, moving around in response to food availability.

Feeding and Diet

Welcome Swallows feed on a wide variety on insects. They catch prey in flight, using their acrobatic flying skills. The prey is guided into the bird's wide, open mouth with the help of short rictal bristles bordering the bill. These bristles also help protect the bird's eye. Where insects are in large supply, Welcome Swallows feed in large flocks.

Communication

The call is a mixture of twittering and soft warbling notes, and a sharp whistle in alarm.

Mating and reproduction

Welcome Swallows readily breed close to human habitation. The nest is an open cup of mud and grass, made by both sexes, and is attached to a suitable structure, such as a vertical rock wall or building. The nest is lined with feathers and fur. The female alone incubates the eggs but the young are fed by both parents. Often two broods are raised in a season.

Breeding Season: August to February.

Classification

Species:
neoxena
Genus:
Hirundo
Family:
Hirundinidae
Order:
Passeriformes
Class:
Aves

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Ondine Evans , Web Researcher/Editor
Last Updated:

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