Animal Species:Tailor, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linneaus, 1766)

The Tailor is greenish to bluish above and silvery below. The common name for this fish comes from the Tailor's ability to cut fishing nets with its sharp teeth.

Tailor, Pomatomus saltatrix

Sascha Schulz © Sascha Schulz

Standard Common Name

Tailor

Alternative Name/s

Bluefish, Chopper, Elf, Marine Piranha, Skipjack

Identification

The Tailor has a moderately elongate, compressed body that is covered with small ctenoid scales. It has large forked caudal fin and small pectoral and ventral fins. The large mouth has sharp teeth. It is greenish to bluish above and silvery below. The iris is yellow. The common name for this fish comes from the Tailor's ability to cut fishing nets with its sharp teeth.

Size range

The species grows to 1.2 m in length.

Distribution

The species is widely distributed in tropical and warm temperate waters of most oceans. In Australia it is known from southern Queensland, around the temperate south of the country and north to the central coast of Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Pomatomus saltatrix

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Tailor specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The Tailor occurs in oceanic waters as well as estuaries and inshore waters.

Feeding and Diet

Teh species is a schooling fish that preys on smaller fishes such as mullet and herring.

Classification

Species:
saltatrix
Genus:
Pomatomus
Family:
Pomatomidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Glover, C.J.M. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Tailor, Pomatomus saltatrix, Pomatomidae, green, blue, silver underside, Bluefish, Chopper, Elf, Marine Piranha, Skipjack, elongate, compressed body, ctenoid scales, large mouth, sharp teeth, 30 cm - 1 m, tropical water, temperate water, marine, estuaries, inshore water,