Animal Species:Striped Scat, Selenotoca multifasciata (Richardson, 1846)

The Striped Scat is greenish to yellow above becoming silvery below. It feeds on small benthic invertebrates and detritus.

Striped Scat, Selenotoca multifasciata

Jonathan Regan © Jonathan Regan

Standard Common Name

Striped Scat

Alternative Name/s

Banded Scat, Barred Scat, Butterfish, John Dory, Johnny Dory, Old Maid, Southern Butter-fish, Striped Butterfish

Identification

The Striped Scat is a deep-bodied, compressed fish that has tiny ctenoid scales. The body is greenish to yellow above becoming silvery below. It has a variable pattern of 10 to 12 dark vertical bars on the side of the body. There are short bars and spots on the lower sides.

Size range

The species grows to 41 cm in length.

Distribution

The species occurs in the Western Pacific. In Australia this species is recorded from the central coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north and south to the central New South Wales coast.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Selenotoca multifasciata

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Striped Scat specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

Adults are usually found schooling in sandy areas of estuaries and river mouths. Juveniles commonly enter freshwater streams.

Feeding and Diet

It feeds on small benthic invertebrates and detritus.

Danger to humans and first aid

Care must be taken if this species is handled. At the base if each fin spine is a venom gland. The fin spines can inflict painful wounds.

Classification

Species:
multifasciata
Genus:
Selenotoca
Family:
Scatophagidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & M. Allen. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 394.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  4. Merrick, J.R. & G.E. Schmida. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Biology and Management. John R. Merrick. Pp. 409.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Striped Scat, Selenotoca multifasciata, Scatophagidae, green, yellow, silver, deep-bodied, 30 cm - 1 m, stripes or bands, tropical, pelagic, marine, adult,

4 comments

Rebecca Field - 11.08 AM, 23 August 2011

Hi Jane, I'm pleased that it is working for you.

jeboz - 10.08 AM, 23 August 2011
Thanks Rebecca, this time the red dots and green arrows came up so I can see it all. Jane
Rebecca Field - 8.08 AM, 08 August 2011

Hi jeboz.  When I click on the link to the map, I see a map of Australia with multiple green arrows and red squares that show the collection localities of specimens in the Australian Museum fish collection.  When I click on an arrow or square, the data is displayed.  Feel free to contact me if you don't see this.

jeboz - 1.08 PM, 05 August 2011
Hi I am trying to see this fish's distribution area. I've tried biomaps but only get the basic map information of names. Am I not using it properly?

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