Animal Species:Striped Scat, Selenotoca multifasciata (Richardson, 1846)
The Striped Scat is greenish to yellow above becoming silvery below. It feeds on small benthic invertebrates and detritus.
Standard Common Name
Banded Scat, Barred Scat, Butterfish, John Dory, Johnny Dory, Old Maid, Southern Butter-fish, Striped Butterfish
The Striped Scat is a deep-bodied, compressed fish that has tiny ctenoid scales. The body is greenish to yellow above becoming silvery below. It has a variable pattern of 10 to 12 dark vertical bars on the side of the body. There are short bars and spots on the lower sides.
The species grows to 41 cm in length.
The species occurs in the Western Pacific. In Australia this species is recorded from the central coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north and south to the central New South Wales coast.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
Adults are usually found schooling in sandy areas of estuaries and river mouths. Juveniles commonly enter freshwater streams.
Feeding and Diet
It feeds on small benthic invertebrates and detritus.
Danger to humans and first aid
Care must be taken if this species is handled. At the base if each fin spine is a venom gland. The fin spines can inflict painful wounds.
- Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & M. Allen. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 394.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
- Merrick, J.R. & G.E. Schmida. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Biology and Management. John R. Merrick. Pp. 409.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology