Animal Species:Splendid Hawkfish, Notocirrhitus splendens (Ogilby, 1889)

The Splendid Hawkfish has red spots on the head and larger red to dark brown spots and blotches on the body. The species occurs in subtropical marine waters of the south-western Pacific.

Splendid Hawkfish at Fly Point

Dave Harasti © Dave Harasti

Standard Common Name

Splendid Hawkfish

Identification

The Splendid Hawkfish has a pointed snout, large dorsaly positioned eyes and large pectoral fins. There are red spots on the head and larger red to dark brown spots and blotches on the body.

This species was described by Australian Museum fish curator, James Ogilby in 1889. The holotype was collected at Lord Howe Island in 1888. It is currently stored in the Australian Museum fish collection (AMS I.1841).

Size range

The species grows to 20 cm in length.

Distribution

The species occurs in subtropical marine waters of the south-western Pacific. In Australia it is known from Lord Howe Island, Elizabeth Reef, Norfolk Island and some islands off northern New South Wales

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Notocirrhitus splendens

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Splendid Hawkfish specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It is found on coral reefs, inshore areas and rocky reefs.

Classification

Species:
splendens
Genus:
Notocirrhitus
Family:
Cirrhitidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Coleman, N. 1980. Australia Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Doubleday Australia Pty. Limited. Pp. 309 (as Cirrhitus splendens).
  2. Francis, M.P. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science. 47(2): 136–170 (as Cirrhitus splendens).
  3. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Crawford House Press . Pp. 437 (as Cirrhitus splendens).
  5. Randall, J.E. 2001. Revision of the generic classification of the hawkfishes (Cirrhitidae), with descriptions of three new genera. Zootaxa. 12: 1–12.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Splendid Hawkfish, Notocirrhitus splendens, Cirrhitidae, green, brown, red, orange, 'normal fish', 10 cm - 30 cm, blotches/mottled, marine, adult, huge eyes,