Animal Species:Spikey Oreodory, Neocyttus rhomboidalis Gilchrist, 1906

The Spikey Oreodory has a protrusible mouth. It is grey-brown in colour. It occurs in southern temperate waters of Southern Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Spikey Oreodory, Neocyttus rhomboidalis

Kerryn Parkinson © NORFANZ Founding Parties

Standard Common Name

Spikey Oreodory

Alternative Name/s

Deepwater Dory, Deepwater Oreo Dory, Oxeye Oreo, Spikey Dory, Spikey Oreo

Identification

The Spikey Oreodory has a compressed, rhomboid-shaped body that tapers to a narrow caudal peduncle. The body profile behind the head is concave. The fish has radiating ridges on the operculm and strongly attached ctenoid scales. The mouth is protrusible. It is grey-brown in colour, with black gill membranes. Its soft dorsal and anal fin membranes are black.

Size range

The species grows to at least 30 cm in length.

Distribution

It occurs in southern temperate waters of Southern Africa, Australia and New Zealand. In Australia it is known from temperate southern waters from off the central coast of New South Wales south to southern Tasmania and west to the Great Australian Bight, Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Neocyttus rhomboidalis

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Spikey Oreodory specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It is a benthic species that is found in marine waters at depths between 300 m and 1750 m.

Classification

Species:
rhomboidalis
Genus:
Neocyttus
Family:
Oreosomatidae
Order:
Zeiformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Bray, D.J. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Last, P.R., E.O.G. Scott & F.H. Talbot. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority. Pp. 563.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Spikey Oreodory, Neocyttus rhomboidalis, Oreosomatidae, NORFANZ, temperate water, Deepwater Dory, Deepwater Oreo Dory, Oxeye Oreo, Spikey Dory, Spikey Oreo, compressed body, rhomboid-shaped body, odd-shaped, 10 cm - 30 cm, benthic, marine, protrusible mouth,