Animal Species:Spikey Dogfish, Squalus megalops (Macleay, 1881)

The Spikey Dogfish is a small shark with slender spines in front of both dorsal fins. It is grey to greyish brown (bronzy coloured in life) with a pale caudal fin margin.

Holotype of Acanthias megalops

Sally Reader © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Spikey Dogfish

Alternative Name/s

Common Dogfish, Dog Shark, Dogshark, Greeneye, Piked Dogfish, Piked Spurdog, Shortnose Spiny Dogfish, Shortnose Spurdog, Shortnosed Spurdog, Skittle Dog, Skittle Dogfish, Spiked Dogfish, Spikey, Spikey Dog, Spiny Dogfish, Spur Dog, Spurdog, Tasmanian Dogfish

Size range

Females grow to about 64 cm in length. Males reach 47 cm.

Distribution

The species occurs in tropical and temperate waters of Australia, but is not recorded from the Northern Territory or tropical Queensland.  The species may be endemic to Australia, although there are unconfirmed reports of the species in the eastern Atlantic, south-western Indian and northern Pacific oceans.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Squalus megalops

Classification

Species:
megalops
Genus:
Squalus
Family:
Squalidae
Order:
Squaliformes
Class:
Chondrichthyes
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Last, P.R. & J.D. Stevens. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Edition 2. CSIRO. Pp. 644, Pl. 1-91.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Spikey Dogfish, Squalus megalops, Squalidae, fishes, ichthyology,