Animal Species:Slender Squirrelfish, Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775)

The Slender Squirrelfish is silvery-pink above and silver below. The species is found widely on coral reefs of the Indo-Pacific.

Slender Squirrelfish at Bougainville Reef

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Slender Squirrelfish

Alternative Name/s

Armed Squirrel-fish, Blood-spot Squirrel-fish, Javelin Squirrel-fish, Sammara Squirrelfish, Spotfin Squirrelfish

Identification

The Slender Squirrelfish is silvery-pink above and silver below. It has a red to black spot on each scale and a red stripe along the lateral line. The previous common name, Spotfin Squirrelfish, refers to the large dark red spot at the front of the dorsal fin. The species has a compressed body and a projecting lower jaw. It has a forked caudal fin and strong spines in the dorsal and anal fins.

Size range

The species grows to 30 cm in length.

Distribution

The species is found widely on coral reefs of the Indo-Pacific. In Australia it is recorded from the central coast of Western Australia around the tropical north and south to southern Queensland.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Neoniphon sammara

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Slender Squirrelfish specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
sammara
Genus:
Neoniphon
Family:
Holocentridae
Order:
Beryciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. & R. Swainston. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 201.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  4. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Slender Squirrelfish, Neoniphon sammara, Holocentridae, silvery-pink, coral reef, Armed Squirrel-fish, Blood-spot Squirrel-fish, Javelin Squirrel-fish, Sammara Squirrelfish, Spotfin Squirrelfish, silver underside, dots/spots, stripes or bands, forked caudal fin, 10 cm - 30 cm,