Animal Species:Slender Rainbow Wrasse, Suezichthys gracilis (Steindachner & Döderlein, 1887)

Slender Rainbow Wrasse are pinkish above and white bellow. The species occurs on coral reef and inshore rocky reefs.

Slender Rainbow Wrasse (juvenile) at Fly Point

Dave Harasti © Dave Harasti

Standard Common Name

Slender Rainbow Wrasse

Alternative Name/s

Gracilis Wrasse, Japanese Slender-wrasse, Slender Wrasse

Identification

Initial phase Slender Rainbow Wrasse are pinkish above and white bellow. There is a brown stripe that runs from the snout to a small dark spot on the caudal peduncle. A short diagonal blue-black stripe is positioned above the pectoral fin. Terminal phase individuals look similar but have a blue band in the dorsal and anal fins and a blue-margined, orange ‘V-shape’ band in the caudal fin.

Size range

The species grows to about 16 cm in length.

Distribution

It has an antitropical distribution, occurring in Japan, Korea and China in the north and Australia and New Caledonia in the south. In Australia it is known from northern Queensland to the central New South Wales coast.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Suezichthys gracilis</

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Slender Rainbow Wrasse specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The species occurs on coral reef and inshore rocky reefs.

Classification

Species:
gracilis
Genus:
Suezichthys
Family:
Labridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Slender Rainbow Wrasse, Suezichthys gracilis, Labridae, white, brown, red, deep-bodied, 10 cm - 30 cm, stripes or bands, coral reef, rocky reef, marine, adult,