Animal Species:Sidespot Goatfish, Parupeneus pleurostigma (Bennett, 1831)

The Sidespot Goatfish has a pale white-pink body. It has a large black spot on the side followed by a white spot. The species inhabit seagrass beds, shallow lagoons and seaward reefs.

Sidespot Goatfish at Ribbon Reef

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Sidespot Goatfish

Alternative Name/s

Round-spot Goatfish, Whitespot Goatfish

Identification

The Sidespot Goatfish has a pale white-pink body. It has a large black spot on the side followed by a white spot. The base of the second dorsal fin is dark.

Size range

The species grows to 35 cm in length.

Distribution

The Sidespot Goatfish occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific, from East Africa, north to the Japan, south to Australia and east to the Tuamoto Islands. In Australia the Sidespot Goatfish is known from the north-western coast of Western Australia, and from the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland to southern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Parupeneus pleurostigma

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Sidespot Goatfish specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

Sidespot Goatfish inhabit seagrass beds, shallow lagoons and seaward reefs. They are commonly seen over sand, rubble, coral or rocky bottoms. The species can be found at depths of 1 m to 70 m.

Feeding and Diet

The species feeds on a range of benthic animals including fishes, crabs, mantis shrimps, polychaete worms, heart urchins, brittle stars, and molluscs.

Classification

Species:
pleurostigma
Genus:
Parupeneus
Family:
Mullidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 220.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 362.
  4. Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics. Pp. 222.
  5. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 415.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Sidespot Goatfish, Parupeneus pleurostigma, Mullidae, Round-spot Goatfish, Whitespot Goatfish, large black spot and white spot, Indo-Pacific, Great Barrier Reef, 30 cm - 1 m,