Animal Species:Senator Wrasse, Pictilabrus laticlavius (Richardson, 1839)

The Senator Wrasse changes colour and pattern with growth. The species is endemic to Australia.

Senator Wrasse at Manly

Elaine de Jager © Elaine de Jager

Standard Common Name

Senator Wrasse

Alternative Name/s

Purple-banded Wrasse, Senator Fish

Identification

The Senator Wrasse changes colour and pattern with growth. Terminal phase males are usually green with a red to purple 'forked' stripe on the side of the body. Initial phase fish are usually reddish to brown with a row of diffuse black spots along the back and faint bars on the lower sides. Juveniles are light red-brown to greenish with pale spots.

Size range

The species grows to 30 cm in length.

Distribution

The Senator Wrasse is endemic to Australia. It occurs in temperate marine waters from northern New South Wales, around the south of the country, and north to the central coast of Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Pictilabrus laticlavius

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Senator Wrasse specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It lives on weed covered rocky reefs. The lower image shows a typical view of this species as it darts between kelp fronds.

Classification

Species:
laticlavius
Genus:
Pictilabrus
Family:
Labridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Edgar, G.J. 1997. Australian Marine Life; the plants and animals of temperate waters. Reed Books. Pp. 544
  2. Gomon, M.F. & B.C. Russell in Gomon, M.F, Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
  3. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  5. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Senator Wrasse, Pictilabrus laticlavius, Labridae, green, yellow, pink, grey, black, 'normal fish', 10 cm - 30 cm, stripes or bands, blotches/mottled, rocky reef, marine, adult, blue,