Animal Species:Scissortail Sergeant, Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801)

The Scissortail Sergeant is white with five black bands on the body. It has a dark longitudinal stripe on both lobes of the caudal fin.

A Scissortail Sergeant at Mantis Reef

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Scissortail Sergeant

Identification

The Scissortail Sergeant is white with five black bands on the body. It has a dark longitudinal stripe on both lobes of the caudal fin.

Size range

This species grows to 22 cm in length.

Distribution

The Scissortail Sergeant occurs in tropical and temperate marine waters of the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea, north to Japan, south to Australia and east to the Tuamoto Islands.

In Australia it is known from the north-western coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north and down the east coast to southern New South Wales. It is also known from Lord Howe Island.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Abudefduf sexfasciatus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Scissortail Sergeant specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The Scissortail Sergeant typically inhabits inshore and offshore coral and rocky reefs. It is found in depths of 1 m to 15 m. 

Feeding and Diet

It feeds on algae and zooplankton.

Other behaviours and adaptations

This fish is often seen in large aggregations well above the bottom.

Classification

Species:
sexfasciatus
Genus:
Abudefduf
Family:
Pomacentridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1975. Damselfishes of the South Seas. TFH Publications. Pp. 237.
  2. Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Mergus. Pp. 271.
  3. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 220.
  4. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 251.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Scissortail Sergeant, Abudefduf sexfasciatus, Pomacentridae, white, black, 'normal fish', 10 cm - 30 cm, stripes or bands, coral reef, rocky reef, marine, adult,