Animal Species:Saw-tooth Moray, Gymnothorax prionodon Ogilby, 1895

The Saw-tooth Moray has a low dorsal fin, deep grooves in the opercular region and a swollen appearance behind the eyes. The species occurs in warm temperate marine waters of Australia, Japan, Taiwan and New Zealand.

Saw-tooth Moray at Montague Island

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Saw-tooth Moray

Identification

The Saw-tooth Moray has a low dorsal fin, deep grooves in the opercular region and a swollen appearance behind the eyes. Both jaws have a single row of large sharp teeth. Despite its common name the Saw-tooth Moray does not have serrated teeth.

Its colouration can vary from greenish brown to dark brown. It has white spots and blotches over its entire length. The spots are small on the head, and increase in size towards the tail.

Size range

The Saw-tooth Moray grows to 1.5 m in length.

Distribution

The species occurs in warm temperate marine waters of Australia, Japan, Taiwan and New Zealand. In Australia is is known from off southern Queensland to southern New South Wales.

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Saw-tooth Moray specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It is sometimes found in bays, but usually occurs on rocky or deep coastal reefs.

Classification

Species:
prionodon
Genus:
Gymnothorax
Family:
Muraenidae
Order:
Anguilliformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Bohlke, E.B. & McCosker, J.E. 2001. The moray eels of Australia and New Zealand, with the description of two new species (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 53: 71-102.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.

 


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Saw-tooth Moray, Gymnothorax prionodon, Muraenidae, eel, temperate wate, dots/spots, greenish-brown, dark brown, white spots, > 1m, rocky reef, deep coastal reef, marine,