Animal Species:Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus banksii

This is the first cockatoo to be illustrated by Sydney Parkinson, Joseph Banks' draughtsman on the Endeavour, while the Endeavour was being repaired in the Endeavour River.

Standard Common Name

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo

Alternative Name/s

Banks' Black Cockatoo, Great-billed Cockatoo

Identification

The Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo is mostly glossy black and has an erectile crest which forms an obvious helmet when raised and pushed forward. The male is glossy black with bright red panels in its tail. The female has generally duller plumage and has yellow spots on head, neck and wings. Her underbody is barred a pale orange-yellow and her tail has orange-yellow panels, barred black. This cockatoo is also called the Banksian, Black, Great-billed or Red-tailed Cockatoo or Banks' Black-Cockatoo.

Size range

55 cm to 60 cm

Similar Species

Glossy Black-Cockatoo & Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo

Distribution

There are five subspecies of Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo occurring in eight discrete populations. Combining these, this species is found from the Pilbara and Kimberleys in Western Australia in a broad swath through the Top End, much of Queensland through to the region of the New South Wales border. It is then found from there down along the Darling River. The species also occurs in three geographically separate regions in each of: south-west Victoria/south-east South Australia; the south-west to west of Western Australia; central Australia in southern Northern Territory and northern South Australia.

Habitat

The Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo is found in a range of environments, but it is found mostly in Eucalyptus forests or woodlands and often in adjacent areas of woodlands or shrublands, especially if they have experienced fire recently. It can also be found in grasslands and farmlands.

Seasonality

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos are described as dispersive, meaning that they move away from where they were born to where they breed and that they may breed in separate locations. They also appear to move around in response to seasonal food availability.

Feeding and Diet

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo generally feed in flocks but sometimes in twos or threes. They mainly eat seeds but also fruit, berries, nectar, flowers and sometimes insects and larvae. Seeds especially favoured are those of eucalypts, casuarinas, acacias and banksias.

Communication

Drawn out trumpet: 'kree', like rusty windmill.

Mating and reproduction

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos nest in tree hollows, which can be in a trunk, end of a dead branch or in a stump. Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos enter the nest hollow tail first.  They usually choose eucalypts but will nest in Melaleucas, and they usually nest up high. The nest is lined with wood dust or fragments. The female incubates the eggs while the male feeds her.

Breeding Season: Any time of year depending on subspecies and location.

Economic/social impacts

Main threats to this cockatoo are habitat modification and clearing for agriculture or forestry.

Classification

Species:
banksii
Genus:
Calyptorhynchus
Family:
Cacatuidae
Order:
Psittaciformes
Class:
Aves
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?


Judy Harington
Last Updated: