Animal Species:Red-crowned Toadlet

Despite its name, this is not a toad but a colourful little frog.

Red-crowned Toadlet, Pseudophryne australis

Gunther Schmida © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Red-crowned Toadlet

Identification

The Red-crowned Toadlet is easy to identify by the bright orange-red triangle or 'T' shape on its head and a stripe on its lower back of the same colour. On its belly is a striking, marbled, black and white pattern.

Size range

3 cm

Distribution

The Red-crowned Toadlet is restricted to the Hawkesbury sandstone areas surrounding Sydney.

Habitat

The Red-crowned Toadlet lives in forests and woodlands, and heath (Hawkesbury sandstone only).

Communication

The calls of Red-crowned Toadlets can be heard all year round. They call several times in quick succession, as these frogs commonly live in small colonies and answer each other.

Life cycle

Hatching occurs when the tadpoles of the Red-crowned Toadlet are well developed and the site has had heavy rainfall. Until then, the male frog usually stays close to the developing eggs, but this is probably to defend the breeding site rather than the eggs.

Mating and reproduction

The Red-crowned Toadlet breeds in damp leaf litter.

Classification

Species:
australis
Genus:
Pseudophryne
Family:
Myobatrachidae
Order:
Anura
Subclass:
Lissamphibia
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

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Tags toadlet, frogs, amphibians, vertebrates, identification, wildlife of sydney,