Animal Species:Purpleback Flying Squid – Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (Lesson, 1830)

This squid has a wide distribution throughout the entire Pacific and Indian oceans. Harvested in Okinawa and Taiwan to be used as bait.

Standard Common Name

Purpleback Flying Squid

Alternative Name/s

Yellow-backed Squid

Identification

The Purpleback Flying Squid can be recognised by a large yellow light organ under the skin in animals >10cm body length. The lower edge of the body is permanently fused to the funnel.

Size range

Body to 35 cm.

Habitat

Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis lives in open waters from the surface of the ocean down to depths of around 1,000m.

Other behaviours and adaptations

This species appears to rise to shallower waters at night to feed.

Classification

Species:
oualaniensis
Genus:
Sthenoteuthis
Family:
Ommastrephidae
Order:
Teuthida
Subclass:
Coleoidea
Class:
Cephalopoda
Phylum:
Mollusca

What does this mean?

References

Norman, M., (2000) Cephalopods- A World Guide, ConchBooks, Germany (Hackenheim)

Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney & C.E. Nauen, (1984) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 3. Cephalopods of the World: An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries, FAO Fish Synopsis, 125(3): 1-277.
 


Allison Runck
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