Animal Species:Eastern Pigfish, Bodianus unimaculatus (Gunther, 1862)

Male Eastern Pigfish are red above with a pinkish to white region on the side below the dorsal fin rays. The species occurs from southern Queensland to Victoria and also in New Zealand.

Eastern Pigfish, Bodianus unimaculatus

Geoff Kelly © Geoff Kelly

Standard Common Name

Eastern Pigfish

Alternative Name/s

Banded Pigfish, Black-spot Pigfish, Eastern Blackspot Pigfish, Pigfish, Reddish Blackspot Pigfish

Identification

Young Eastern Pigfish are pinkish with thin stripes on the sides of the body and red lines on the head.As a fish ages the lines become less evident. Males are red above with a pinkish to white region on the side below the dorsal fin rays. There is a black blotch on the dorsal fin spines.

Size range

The species grows to 45 cm in length.

Distribution

Eastern Pigfish occur from southern Queensland to Victoria and also from New Zealand.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Bodianus unimaculatus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Eastern Pigfish specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

This fish usually occurs on offshore reefs greater than 50 m in depth. It is mostly seen when caught on hook and line, but is sometime observed by divers at around 30 m.

Classification

Species:
unimaculatus
Genus:
Bodianus
Family:
Labridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Bodianus unimaculatus, Eastern Pigfish, Labridae, fisehs, fishes, ichthyology, red, white, stripes, ocellus, spot, dorsal fin, marine, 30 cm - 1 m, offshore reefs,