Animal Species:Pearly Monocle Bream, Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier, 1830)

The Pearly Monocle Bream can be recognised by its colouration. It is usually found in sandy seabeds in coral and inshore reef areas.

Pearly Monocle Bream, Scolopsis margaritifera

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Pearly Monocle Bream

Alternative Name/s

Pearly Spinecheek

Identification

The Pearly Monocle Bream can be recognised by its colouration. Adults are grey-green above and pale below. The body scales have pearly white vertical marks. Those on the side of the body have yellow spots that form longitudinal lines. There is bluish line on the snout in front of the eyes. Juveniles are pale with a darker region above, and a black stripe along the side of the body. The lower half of the body is sometimes yellow.

Size range

The species grows to 28 cm in length.

Distribution

It occurs in throughouth the Western Pacific. In Australia it is known from off north-western Western Australia and northern to southern Queensland and the Great Barrier Reef.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Scolopsis margaritifer

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Pearly Monocle Bream specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The species usually occurs over sandy seabeds in coral and inshore reef areas.

Classification

Species:
margaritifera
Genus:
Scolopsis
Family:
Nemipteridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Gloerfelt-Tarp, T & P.J. Kailola. 1984. Trawled Fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Jakarta: Directorate General of Fisheries (Indonesia), German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Australian Development Assistance Bureau. Pp. 406.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.
  4. Russell, B.C., 1990. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synops. 12(125):1-149.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Pearly Monocle Bream, Scolopsis margaritifer, Nemipteridae, sandy seabed, coral reef, inshore reef, Pearly Spinecheek, grey-green, pale underside, yellow spots, dots/spots, yellow, 10 cm - 30 cm, Great Barrier Reef, marine,