Animal Species:Peacock Rockcod, Cephalopholis argus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

The Peacock Rockcod is brown to greenish. It has numerous small dark-margined blue spots on the head, body and fins. The species occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific.

A Peacock Rockcod at 'The Cod Hole'

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Peacock Rockcod

Identification

The Peacock Rockcod is brown to greenish. It has numerous small dark-margined blue spots on the head, body and fins. There is a pale area in front of the pectoral fins and sometimes five or six pale bars on the rear of the body.

Size range

The species grows to 45 cm in length.

Distribution

The Peacock Rockcod occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific.  In Australia it is known from the central coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north and south to the central Queensland coast and reefs.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Cephalopholis argus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Peacock Rockcod specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Economic/social impacts

It may be responsible for some cases of ciguatera poisoning.

Classification

Species:
argus
Genus:
Cephalopholis
Family:
Serranidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Allen, G.R. & R. Swainston. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 201.
  3. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  5. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Peacock Rockcod, Cephalopholis argus, Serranidae, brown, green, blue spots, dots/spots, tropical water, marine, 30 cm - 1 m, coral reef,