Animal Species:Northern Sand Flathead, Platycephalus endrachtensis Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886
The Northern Sand Flathead is most easily recognised by its distinctive tail. This species is usually found on sandy bottoms in estuarine and coastal waters. Until Imamura's 2008 paper, the species was known in Australia as Platycephalus arenarius.
Standard Common Name
Northern Sand Flathead
Flagtail Flathead, Northern-flag Tailed Flathead, Sand Flathead
The Northern Sand Flathead is most easily recognised by its distinctive tail which is pale below, brown above and has a series of black stripes. Overall the fish is sandy coloured with brown spots on the head and body.
The species grows to 45 cm in length.
In Australia it is recorded from the central coast of Western Australia around the tropical north of the country and south to southern New South Wales.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
This species is usually found on sandy bottoms in estuarine and coastal waters. It lives in depths from 1 m to 60 m.
- Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
- Imamura, H. 2008. Synonymy of two species of the genus Platycephalus and validity of Platycephalus westraliae (Teleostei: Platycephalidae). Ichthyological Research. 55: 399-406.
- Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Northern Sand Flathead, Platycephalus arenarius, Platycephalidae, Platycephalus endrachtensis, distinctive tail, sandy bottoms, estuarine water, coastal water, Flagtail Flathead, Northern-flag Tailed Flathead, Sand Flathead, pale underside, sandy colour, brown spots, dots/spots, shallow water,