Animal Species:Mud Flathead, Ambiserrula jugosa (McCulloch 1914)

The Mud Flathead is pale with dark mottling and its eyes have long, branched iris lappets.

In the past, this species has been called Suggrundus jugosus and Insidiator jugosus. A review of the family (Platycephalidae) by Imamura placed this species in the genus Ambiserrula.

A Mud Flathead at Shiprock

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Mud Flathead

Identification

The Mud Flathead has a pale body with variable brown, black or dusky mottling on the body and fins. The sides of the head and lower jaw are often banded.

The eyes have long, branched iris lappets. Many other species of flatheads such as the Crocodile Fish, Tasselsnout Flathead, and Fringe-eye Flathead also have iris lappets.

Size range

The species grows to 25 cm in length.

Distribution

This species is endemic to Australia. It is known from the central coast of Queensland to central New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Ambiserrula jugosa

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Mud Flathead specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The Mud Flathead inhabits muddy estuaries. It is usually buried in the substrate during the day and feeds at night.

Classification

Species:
jugosa
Genus:
Ambiserrula
Family:
Platycephalidae
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Imamura, H. 1996. Phylogeny of the Family Platycephalidae and Related Taxa (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes) Species Diversity 1(2):123-233.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 408.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 469.


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Tags Mud Flathead, Ambiserrula jugosa, pale, dark mottling, blotches/mottled, Suggrundus jugosus, Insidiator jugosus, brown, black, dusky mottling, banded head, stripes or bands, 10 cm - 30 cm, endemic to Australia, muddy estuaries,