Animal Species:Mosquitoes

It is only the female mosquitoes that seek animals out for their blood, which they need in order to reproduce.

Mosquito

Stuart Humphreys © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Mosquitoes

Number of species

350

Size range

4 mm - 6 mm

Distribution

Mosquitoes are found throughout Australia.

Habitat

Mosquitoes often live in urban areas.

Feeding and Diet

The female mosquitoes eat animal blood.

Life cycle

A few days after a blood meal, female mosquitoes lay about 200 eggs on any water surface-even small water bodies such as bottom trays of potplants are suitable. Most species produce egg 'rafts' where many eggs are cemented together, floating until they hatch after two to three days. Although they live in water, the larvae known as 'wrigglers' breathe air and come equipped with their own snorkelling equipment. Attached to their abdomen is a siphon, which they use when they come to the surface to breathe.

Females live for about a month while males often live for only a week, during which they feed on nectar.

Classification

Family:
Culicidae
Superfamily:
Culicoidea
Infraorder:
Culicomorpha
Order:
Diptera
Class:
Insecta
Subphylum:
Uniramia
Phylum:
Arthopoda
Kingdom:
Animalia

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Tags mosquitoes, flies, insects, arthropods, invertebrates, identification, wildlife of sydney, bites, mosquito-borne diseases,