Animal Species:Longraker Trevally, Ulua mentalis (Cuvier, 1833)

The Longraker Trevally is blue-green above and silvery below. It occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-West Pacific.

Standard Common Name

Longraker Trevally

Alternative Name/s

Cale Cale Trevally

Identification

The Longraker Trevally has a pronounced lower jaw that extends forward beyond the upper jaw. It has long gill rakers that extend along the side of the tongue. The species is blue-green above and silvery below. Large specimens have a diffuse dark blotch on the upper margin of the operculum. The spinous dorsal and caudal fins are dusky to black. The second dorsal fin and anal fins are pale green. In young fish, the inside of the mouth is silver to white.

Size range

The species grows to 90 cm in length.

Distribution

It occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-West Pacific. In Australia it is known from the central coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to northern Queensland.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

xUlua mentalisx

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Longraker Trevally specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
mentalis
Genus:
Ulua
Family:
Carangidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics. Pp. 330.
  4. Smith-Vaniz, W.F. in Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem. 1999. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO. Rome Pp. iii-v, 2069-2790.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, ichthyology, Longraker Trevally, Ulua mentalis, Carangidae, blue-green, silver underside, tropical water, marine, Cale Cale Trevally, pronounced jaw, 30 cm - 1 m,