Animal Species:Longfin Garfish, Euleptorhamphus viridis (Hasselt, 1823)

The Longfin Garfish is a long slender, silvery-coloured fish with an extremely long lower jaw and a short upper jaw.

Longfin Garfish, Euleptorhamphus viridis

Dale Welham © Dale Welham

Standard Common Name

Longfin Garfish

Alternative Name/s

Long-beaked Garfish, Longfinned Halfbeak.

Identification

The Longfin Garfish has an elongate ribbon-like body and an extremely long lower jaw. The species is often mistaken for a flying fish because of its very long pectoral fins and gliding ability.

Size range

The species grows to about 60 cm in length.

Distribution

The Longfin Garfish occurs in the temperate Indo-Pacific. In Australia it is known from south-western Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to the southern coast of New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Euleptorhamphus viridis

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Longfin Garfish specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It is a pelagic species that occurs in inshore and oceanic waters.

Classification

Species:
viridis
Genus:
Euleptorhamphus
Family:
Hemiramphidae
Order:
Beloniformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Longfin Garfish, Euleptorhamphus viridis, Hemiramphidae, long and skinny, silver, extremely long lower jaw, Long-beaked Garfish, Longfinned Halfbeak, elongate, ribbon-like body, 30 cm - 1 m, temperate water, marine, pelagic,