Animal Species:Largescale Grunter, Terapon theraps Cuvier, 1829

The Largescale Grunter can be recognised by its colouration. It is silvery-grey above, silver-white below and has four broad dusky to blackish stripes on the sides of the body. The species is omnivorous, and occurs in inshore waters of the tropical Indo-west Pacific.

Largescale Grunter

Barry Hutchins © Barry Hutchins

Standard Common Name

Largescale Grunter

Alternative Name/s

Banded Grunter, Banded Trumpeter, Flagtail Grunter, Flagtail Trumpeter, Large-scaled Grunter-perch, Northern Grunter, Spiky Trumpeter

Identification

The Largescale Grunter can be recognised by its colouration. It is silvery-grey above, silver-white below and has four broad dusky to blackish stripes on the sides of the body. There is a large black blotch on the first dorsal fin between the third and sixth spines. The forked tail has five dark stripes, the uppermost being on the tip of the fin.

Size range

The species grows to about 30 cm in length.

Distribution

In Australia it is known from north-western Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to southern Queensland. Juveniles are sometimes encountered as far south as Sydney.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Terapon theraps

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Largescale Grunter specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The Largescale Grunter is an omnivorous species that occurs in inshore waters of the tropical Indo-west Pacific. It is commonly found in brackish waters and mangrove habitats. The Largescale Grunter is often found under floating algae. It is the most common member of the family found under floating Sargassum in north-western Australian waters (pers. comm. B. Hutchins).

Feeding and Diet

The species is omnivorous.

Classification

Species:
theraps
Genus:
Terapon
Family:
Terapontidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Grant, E.M. 1982. Guide to Fishes. The Department of Harbours and Marine, Brisbane, Queensland. Pp. 896.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.
  4. Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J., & G.G. Leyland. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of northern and north-western Australia. An illustrated Guide. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research. Pp. 375.
  5. Vari, R.P. 1978. The terapon perches (Percoidei, Terapontidae) a cladistic analysis and taxonomic revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 159(5): 175-340.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Largescale Grunter, Terapon theraps, Terapontidae, Banded Grunter, Banded Trumpeter, Flagtail Grunter, Flagtail Trumpeter, Large-scaled Grunter-perch, Northern Grunter, Spiky Trumpeter, silver-grey, silver-white underside, omnivorous, inshore water, tropical water, stripes or bands, 10 cm - 1 m,