Animal Species:Jellynose Fish, Ateleopus

Jellynose fishes have a long flabby body, a bulbous snout, and an inferior mouth. They have a short-based dorsal fin and a long-based anal fin that is continuous with the caudal fin. Jellynose fishes are usually dark brown to black.

A Jellynose Fish at Gifford Guyot

Rachel Przeslawski © Commonwealth of Australia

Standard Common Name

Jellynose Fish

Identification

Jellynose fishes have a long flabby body, a bulbous snout, and an inferior mouth. They have a short-based dorsal fin and a long-based anal fin that is continuous with the caudal fin.

Jellynose fishes are usually dark brown to black.

The taxonomy of the jellynoses needs research. The family contains about twelve species in four genera Ateleopus, Ijimaia, Parateleopus and Guentherus.

Currently, only one species of jellynose is recorded from Australian waters, the Pacific Jellynose Fish, Ateleopus japonicus.

Size range

The maximum size for fishes in the family is about 2 m in length.

Distribution

Jellynose fishes occur in tropical and temperate marine waters of the outer continental shelf and slope, down to about 600 m.

The Pacific Jellynose Fish occurs circumglobally in continental slope depths. In Australia, its documented distribution is from off north-western Western Australia and from off southern Queensland to central New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Ateleopus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Jellynose Fish specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Classification

Genus:
Ateleopus
Family:
Ateleopodidae
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. in Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, Pp. 1-2178.
  2. Nelson, J.S., 1994. Fishes of the World, third edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Pp: 600.
  3. Olney, J.E. in Paxton, J.R. & W.N. Eschmeyer (Eds). 1994. Encyclopedia of Fishes. Sydney: New South Wales University Press; San Diego: Academic Press [1995]. Pp. 240.
  4. Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen & J.E. Hanley. 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia Vol.7 Pisces Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Survey. Pp. i-xii, 1-665.


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Tags fish, ichthyology, jellynose, Ateleopus, deepsea, flabby body, bulbous snout, inferior mouth, dark brown, black, > 1m, tropical water, temperate water, continental shelf, marine,