Animal Species:Hooded Robin

Hooded Robins may have 'helpers' at their nest: other members of the group that help feed the nestlings and fledglings.

Hooded Robin, male, at nest

CE Bryant © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Hooded Robin

Alternative Name/s

Black Robin, Pied Robin

Identification

The Hooded Robin is a medium-large robin with a rather short slender bill and a moderately long tail which is square-tipped. Adult males are pied (black and white) with a black hood and back, white underparts, black wings, white shoulder bar and wing stripe. Females are similar to males but greyer with a brown-grey head and a dark brown wing with a white stripe. Juveniles are dark brown with off-white speckling, white markings on the upper body and white underneath. They are usually seen in pairs or small groups and are rather shy and quiet. Their flight is short, swift and undulating (curving up and down) with the white in the wings and tail is obvious.

Size range

15 cm to 17 cm

Similar Species

Pied Honeyeaters & Black Honeyeaters

Distribution

Hooded Robins are found all over mainland Australia, except Cape York and eastern Gulf of Carpentaria or inland around the Simpson Desert, on the Nullarbor Plain or south of the Kimberley Ranges. They are more commonly found in south-eastern Australia from Adelaide to Brisbane.

Habitat

Hooded Robins are found in lightly timbered woodland, mainly dominated by acacia and/or eucalypts.

Seasonality

Not well known but believed to be sedentary.

Feeding and Diet

The Hooded Robin sits on exposed perches, such as dead branches and stumps and pounces on arthropods (mainly insects). It forages on or near the ground.

Communication

Quiet trills, occasional piping whistles.

Mating and reproduction

The Hooded Robin breeds in monogamous pairs. They construct a cup-shaped nest of leaves and bark, bound with spiders' web, placed in a crevice, hollow or hole in a tree or stump. The female incubates the eggs.Clearing of woodlands in south-eastern Australia has caused a decline in populations of the Hooded Robin. Young birds are taken by foxes.

  • Breeding season: August to November
  • Clutch size: Two to three, sometimes one.
  • Incubation: 15 days
  • Time in nest: 13 days

Conservation Status

Clearing of woodlands in south-eastern Australia has caused a decline in populations of the Hooded Robin. Young birds are taken by foxes.

Conservation Status (NSW): Vulnerable species

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
cucullata
Genus:
Melanodryas
Family:
Petroicidae
Order:
Passeriformes
Class:
Aves
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  • Pizzey, G. and Knight, F. 1997. Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. Angus and Robertson, Sydney.
  • Morcombe, M. 2000. Field guide to Australian Birds. Steve Parish Publishing.
  • Simpson, K and Day, N. 1999. Field guide to the birds of Australia, 6th Edition. Penguin Books, Australia.
  • Higgins, P.J. and J.M. Peter (eds) 2002. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds, Volume 6: Pardalotes to Shrike-thrushes. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.


Aaron
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Tags hooded robin, pied robin, black robin, biby, birds,