Animal Species:Hawaiian Giant Herring, Elops hawaiensis Regan, 1909

The Giant Herring can be recognised by its silvery colour, slender body, relatively large mouth, single dorsal fin and strong forked tail. It is a schooling species found in coastal and estuarine waters.

Hawaiian Giant Herring, Elops hawaiensis

Wayne Power © Clarence District Fisheries Office

Standard Common Name

Hawaiian Giant Herring

Alternative Name/s

Banana Fish, Chiro, Giant Herring, Hawaiian Ladyfish, Pincushion-fish, Torres Strait Herring, Ten Pounder.

Identification

The Giant Herring can be recognised by its silvery colour, slender body, relatively large mouth, single dorsal fin and strong forked tail.

Size range

The species grows to 1.2 m in length.

Similar Species

A second species from the Elopiformes family, E.machnata, is recorded from Western Australian waters. Its teeth are different from those of E.hawaiensis.

Distribution

This species is recorded from Australia, Hawaii and the Philippines. In Australia, the Giant Herring is recorded in tropical and subtropical waters. On the east coast is is recorded south to Sydney, and on the west coast, south to Albany. A few specimens have also been recorded from South Australia.

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Hawaiian Giant Herring specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It occurs in coastal and estuarine waters.
 

Other behaviours and adaptations

The Giant Herring is a schooling species.

Classification

Species:
hawaiensis
Genus:
Elops
Family:
Elopidae
Order:
Elopiformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R & R. Swainston. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 201.
  2. Glover, C.J.M. in Gomon, M.F, C.J.M. Glover & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
  3. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  4. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.

 


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Hawaiian Giant Herring, Elops hawaiensis, Elopidae, silver, long and skinny, large mouth, single dorsal fin, forked tail, schooling species, coastal water, estuarine water, Banana Fish, Chiro, Giant Herring, Hawaiian Ladyfish, Pincushion-fish, Torres Strait Herring, Ten Pounder, > 1m, tropica, tropical water, subtropical water, adult, marine,