Animal Species:Ground spiders
Ground Spiders are a vast and diverse group of spiders found all over Australia from rainforests to deserts.
Standard Common Name
Ground spiders are rather drably coloured, ranging from charcoal grey to pinkish brown. Some, like Anzacia, have shiny, iridescent hairs. Typically they have large, cylindrical front spinnerets that are well separated from each other. The middle eyes in the rear row are usually angular rather than rounded in shape.
Ground Spiders are found Australia-wide.
Most Ground Spiders are vagrant hunters that are especially common in forest and woodland habitats, living in leaf litter and under bark. Some are highly specialised.
Terrestrial Habitat: litter, under bark
arthropod-feeder, carnivorous, insectivorous, predator
Other behaviours and adaptations
The Slit Spider of inland red sand-dune habitats makes a burrow with a wide, horizontal slit opening on the down-slope of a dune. The lower edge of the slit projects out beyond the upper edge, so that insects running down slope across the slit are guided into the cavity where they are grabbed by the waiting spider. Other Ground Spiders such as Hemicloea, are remarkably flattened for life in narrow spaces under rocks and bark.
Life history modes
Got a question/comment about this animal species?
Specialists in Australian natural history and culture enquiries.