Animal Species:Eelpout, Pachycara gymninium Anderson & Peden, 1988

Pachycara gymninium is found on brown and green mud bottoms at depths of 1880 m to 3200 m. No species in the genus Pachycara are recorded from Australian waters, although the eelpout Melanostigma gelatinosum Günther, 1881 is known to occur off Tasmania.

An eelpout, Pachycara gymninium

Kerryn Parkinson © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Eelpout

Identification

Pachycara gymninium is an eelpout in the family Zoarcidae. Zoarcid fishes have elongate bodies, anteriorly positioned pelvic fins and one (rather than two) pairs of nostrils.

P.gymninium can be distinguished from other zoarcids by a combination of characters that include fin and lateral line characteristics. It has a scaleless head, hence the species name gymninium (from the Greek gymno - naked and inion - back of the head, or nape).

Distribution

This species is found on brown and green mud bottoms at depths of 1880 m to 3200 m. Its distribution is from British Columbia, Canada, south to Mexico. No species in the genus Pachycara are recorded from Australian waters. The eelpout Melanostigma gelatinosum Günther, 1881 is known to occur off Tasmania.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Pachycara gymninium

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Eelpout specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
gymninium
Genus:
Pachycara
Family:
Zoarcidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Anderson, M.E. & A.E. Peden, 1988. The eelpout genus Pachycara (Teleostei: Zoarcidae) in the north-eastern Pacific Ocean, with descriptions of two new species. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. 83-94.
  2. Johnson, G.D. & A.C. Gill in Paxton, J.R. & W.N. Eschmeyer (Eds). 1994. Encyclopedia of Fishes. Sydney: New South Wales University Press; San Diego: Academic Press [1995]. Pp. 240.
  3. Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen & J.E. Hanley. 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia Vol.7 Pisces Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Survey. Pp. i-xii, 1-665.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Eelpout, Pachycara gymninium, Zoarcidae, deepsea, mud bottoms, eelpout, elongate, scalelesss head, marine,