Animal Species:Eastern Australian Salmon, Arripis trutta (Forster, 1801)

New South Wales divers often see large schools of Eastern Australian Salmon while swimming in shallow coastal waters.

Standard Common Name

Eastern Australian Salmon

Alternative Name/s

The Eastern Australian Salmon has also been called the Australian Salmon, Bay Trout, Black Back, Buck Salmon, Cocky Salmon, Colonial Salmon and Kahawai.

Identification

The Eastern Australian Salmon has a moderately elongate body with a long based dorsal fin and a large forked caudal fin. It has small eyes and a relatively large mouth.

The species is silvery below and darker above. The small pectoral fins are yellowish.

Size range

It grows to 89 cm in length.

Distribution

The Eastern Australian Salmon occurs in temperate Australian and New Zealand waters.

In Australia it is known from southern Queensland to Tasmania.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Arripis trutta

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Eastern Australian Salmon specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The species occurs over sandy seabeds.  Juveniles are usually seen in bays and estuaries. Adults are found in coastal waters

Feeding and Diet

Dietary items include zooplankton and fishes.

Other behaviours and adaptations

It is a schooling species.

Life cycle

Classification

Species:
trutta
Genus:
Arripis
Family:
Arripidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Edgar, G.J. 1997. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Reed Books. Pp. 544.
  2. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Arripidae, Eastern Australian Salmon, Arripis trutta, schooling species, Australian Salmon, Bay Trout, Black Back, Buck Salmon, Cocky Salmon, Colonial Salmon, Kahawai, elongate, forked tail, large mouth, small eyes, silver, 30 cm - 1 m, temperate water, marine, sandy seabed, bays, estuaries, coastal water,

2 comments

Mark McGrouther - 10.06 AM, 17 June 2009
Great image Sascha! Thank you.
Sascha Schulz - 10.06 AM, 17 June 2009
Bass Point, January 2005. Depth of 6m.

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