Animal Species:Dotted Sweetlips, Plectorhinchus picus (Cuvier, 1830)

The Dotted Sweetlips is white to grey with numerous small black spots on the upper half of the head and body. In Australia it is known from the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland to southern New South Wales.

Dotted Sweetlips at South West Rocks

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Dotted Sweetlips

Alternative Name/s

Magpie Sweetlips, Painted Sweetlips, Spotted Sweetlips

Identification

The Dotted Sweetlips is white to grey with numerous small black spots on the upper half of the head and body. Juveniles are black above and white below. They have a white snout, a white saddle on the nape and another on the back below the middle of the dorsal fin.

Size range

The species grows to 50 cm in length.

Distribution

It occurs in tropical and some temperate waters of the Indo-West and Central Pacific. In Australia it is known from the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland to southern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Plectorhinchus picus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Dotted Sweetlips specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The species is found on coral and rocky reefs.

Classification

Species:
picus
Genus:
Plectorhinchus
Family:
Haemulidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  4. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Dotted Sweetlips, Plectorhinchus picus, Haemulidae, white, grey, dots/spots, black spots, Great Barrier Reef, Magpie Sweetlips, Painted Sweetlips, Spotted Sweetlips, 30 cm - 1 m, tropical water, temperate water, marine, coral reef, rocky reef,