Animal Species:Dorab Wolf Herring, Chirocentrus dorab (Forsskal, 1775)

The Dorab Wolf Herring occurs in tropical and subtropical marine waters and is usually found in inshore waters. It feeds on primarily on fishes although crustaceans, squids and other invertebrates are also eaten.

Dorab Wolf Herring from Great Keppel Island

Max Edwards © Max Edwards

Standard Common Name

Dorab Wolf Herring

Identification

The Dorab Wolf Herring has an elongate, compressed body with a sharp belly. The body is covered with small cycloid scales. The single dorsal fin and anal fin are positioned in the posterior half of the body. The upward-directed mouth has large canine teeth in both jaws. There are two forward-pointing canine teeth on the premaxillae.

The fish is blue-green above, often with a tinge of violet, and silvery on the sides and belly.

Size range

It grows to about 1 m in length although rarely exceeds 80 cm.

Distribution

The species occurs in tropical and subtropical marine waters of the Indo-west Pacific. In Australia it is known from the central coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south on the east coast to southern Queensland.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Chirocentrus dorab

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Dorab Wolf Herring specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It is usually found in inshore waters at depths between the surface and 120 m.

Feeding and Diet

The Dorab Wolf Herring feeds on primarily on fishes (mainly clupeids and engraulids) although crustaceans, squids and other invertebrates are also eaten.

Classification

Species:
dorab
Genus:
Chirocentrus
Family:
Chirocentridae
Order:
Clupeiformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Munroe, T.A., Nizinski, M.S. & T. Wongratana. 1999. Chirocentridae. in Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem (Eds). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. Pp. iii-vi, 1398-2068.
  2. Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and Shore Fishes of the South Pacific: New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawai’i Press. Pp. 584.

 


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Tags fishes, ichthyology, Dorab Wolf Herring, Chirocentrus dorab, Chirocentridae, tropical water, subtropical water, marine, long and skinny, inshore waters, small cycloid scales, single dorsal fin, canine teeth, blue-green, violet, silver, 30 cm - 1 m, Indo-west Pacific,