Animal Species:Diamond Firetail

During courtship, the male Diamond Firetail holds a long piece of green grass in his bill, then flies to a branch where he sits near the female and begins to bob up and down. When she approaches, he twists his neck around and opens his bill just like young begging for food.

Diamond Firetail

Jack Purnell © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Diamond Firetail

Alternative Name/s

Diamond Finch, Java Sparrow

Identification

The Diamond Firetail is a small bird sometimes described as one of the most stunningly coloured birds of the finch family. The top of its body is ash brown with crown, forehead and neck grey. The under feathers are white with a crimson rump. There is a black band across its neck which continues down the flank to be dotted with white. The bill and eye ring are coral, and the legs and feet are dark grey. The female is similar to the male although sometimes smaller. The juvenile Diamond Firetail has a black bill and is duller in colour. They fly low and flocks travel in long lines.

Size range

10 cm to 13 cm

Similar Species

Red-browed Finch, House Sparrow

Distribution

The Diamond Firetail is endemic to south-eastern Australia, ranging from Carnarvon Ranges in Queensland to the Eyre Peninsula and Kangaroo Island in South Australia.

Habitat

Diamond Firetails are found in open grassy woodland, heath and farmland or grassland with scattered trees.

Seasonality

Mostly resident or sedentary with some local movements.

Feeding and Diet

Diamond Firetails feed on the ground and generally eat ripe or partially ripe seeds and can be seen hopping around on the ground. They occasionally eat insects and their larvae.

Communication

Often call from dead branches with a mournful double whistle 'twooo-hee'.

Mating and reproduction

The Diamond Firetail builds a nest with green grass blades and stems and lines it with fine grasses and feathers. The nest can be found in trees and shrubs with dense foliage and has sometimes been known to build in the base of a hawk's nest. The nest is built by both partners but only the female does the weaving. Both partners incubate the eggs and care for the young. Usually only one clutch is laid per season.

  • Breeding season: August to January
  • Clutch size: Five to six
  • Incubation: 12 days
  • Time in nest: 22 days

Conservation Status

Diamond Firetails have been adversely affected by clearing for agriculture or urban development as well as predation of eggs and nestlings by increased populations of native predators such as the Pied Currawong.

Conservation Status (NSW): Vulnerable species

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
guttata
Genus:
Stagonopleura
Family:
Passeridae
Order:
Passeriformes
Class:
Aves
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

Higgins, P.J., Peter, J.M. and Cowling, S.J. (eds) 2006. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds, Volume 7 (Dunnock to Starlings) Part B Oxford University Press. Melbourne.


Ondine Evans , Web Researcher/Editor
Last Updated:

Tags BIBY, bird, birds, diamond firetail, finches,