Animal Species:Crane flies

Crane flies are the largest family of flies in Australia.

Crane fly adult

David Gray © David Gray

Standard Common Name

Crane flies

Alternative Name/s

Daddy long-legs

Number of species

800

Identification

This group of flies shares its other name with the Daddy Long-legs Spider, however they are not remotely related. Crane flies look like giant mosquitoes with their long skinny legs and long wings but are quite harmless and do not bite, sting, or suck blood.

Size range

2 mm - 60 mm

Distribution

Crane flies are found throughout Australia.

Habitat

Crane flies live in urban areas, and forests and woodlands. They commonly occur in Sydney in moist environments such as urban gardens and woodlands because the larvae need moisture to survive. Some larvae are aquatic while others get enough moisture from the soil or mud.

Life cycle

Depending on the species and environmental conditions, the life cycle of crane flies is variable. The larvae can live for up to a year but adults only a few days or weeks.

Classification

Family:
Tipulidae
Infraorder:
Tipulomorpha
Order:
Diptera
Class:
Insecta
Subphylum:
Uniramia
Phylum:
Arthopoda
Kingdom:
Animalia

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Tags flies, insects, arthropods, invertebrates, identification, wildlife of sydney,