Animal Species:Common Gurnard Perch, Neosebastes scorpaenoides Guichenot, 1867

The Common Gurnard Perch is brownish or reddish, mottled with indistinct blackish blotches.  It is endemic to Australia, occurring from southern New South Wales to South Australia.

A Common Gurnard Perch at Mornington Pier

Sascha Schulz © Sascha Schulz

Standard Common Name

Common Gurnard Perch

Identification

The Common Gurnard Perch has a relatively elongate body and short snout. The body is brownish or reddish, mottled with indistinct blackish blotches. The inside surface of the pectoral fin is white, with a broad vertical black band and numerous small orange spots.

This species can be distinguished from all members of Neosebastes occurring in southern half of Australia by having numerous tiny pores on the underside of the mandible versus three distinct pores on each side (see lower image). It differs from all members of Neosebastes occurring in the northern half of Australia, New Caledonia and East Asia by having 72-103 scales in longitudinal series along the side of the body (versus 47-63).

Size range

The species grows to 35 cm.

Distribution

The Common Gurnard Perch is endemic to Australia, occurring from southern New South Wales to South Australia.

It is abundant in the vicinity of Tasmania (especially Bass Strait), but it appears to be rare in the Great Australian Bight.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Neosebastes scorpaenoides

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Common Gurnard Perch in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It occurs at depths between 5 m and 140 m, although young fish generally occur in shallower water than adults.
 

Classification

Species:
scorpaenoides
Genus:
Neosebastes
Family:
Neosebastidae
Order:
Scorpaeniformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Motomura, H. 2004. Revision of the scorpionfish genus Neosebastes (Scorpaeniformes: Neosebastidae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes. 37: 1-76, pl. 1-2.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Common Gurnard Perch, Neosebastes scorpaenoides, Neosebastidae, brown, red, white, pink, 'normal fish', 30 cm - 1 m, bands, countershaded, pelagic, marne, marine, adult,