Animal Species:Common Cleanerfish, Labroides dimidiatus (Valenciennes, 1839)

The Common Cleanerfish is blue to yellow above fading to white or yellow below.  As its standard name suggests the species cleans larger fishes.

Standard Common Name

Common Cleanerfish

Alternative Name/s

Blue Streak, Blue-streak Cleaner Wrasse, Bridled Beauty , Cleaner Wrasse, Common Cleaner Wrasse, Gadfly Fish, Janitor Fish (Philippines)

Identification

The Common Cleanerfish is blue to yellow above fading to white or yellow below. There is a black stripe from the eye to the caudal fin margin. The stripe widens posteriorly.

It has thick lips and a pair of canines at the front of both jaws.

Size range

The species grows to 11.5 cm in length.

Distribution

The Common Cleanerfish occurs in tropical (and some temperate) marine waters of the Indo-Pacific. In Australia it is recorded from southern to north-western Western Australia and from northern Queensland to southern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Labroides dimidiatus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Common Cleanerfish specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The Common Cleanerfish occurs on rocky and coral reefs.

Feeding and Diet

The Common Cleanerfish is well known for its feeding behaviour. It establishes a "cleaning station" often a cave or overhang, where it swims in a bobbing, dance-like motion. Larger fishes come to the cleaning station to have ectoparasites removed. The Common Cleanerfish swims around the fish picking off and eating the parasites. It often enters the mouth and gill chamber of large fishes.

Classification

Species:
dimidiatus
Genus:
Labroides
Family:
Labridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Grutter, A.S., Deveney, M.R., Whittington, I.D. & R.J.G.Lester. 2002. The effect of the cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus on the capsalid monogenean Benedenia lolo parasite of the labrid fish Hemigymnus melapterus. Journal of Fish Biology. 61: 1098-1108.
  2. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  5. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Common Cleanerfish, Labroides dimidiatus, Labridae, blue, yellow, white, 'normal fish', 10 cm - 30 cm, countershaded, stripes or bands, rocky reef, coral reef, marine, adult, big lips,