Animal Species:Choat's Wrasse, Macropharyngodon choati (Randall, 1978)

The Choat's Wrasse is common on the southern Great Barrier Reef. Their habitat ranging from coastal to inner reefs, from shallow algae reefs to the slopes of deep rubble drop-offs.

Standard Common Name

Choat's Wrasse

Identification

Choat's Wrasse can be recognised by its distinctive colouration. Juveniles have a whitish body with large orange blotches. The pelvic fins and the elevated anterior portion of the dorsal fin are orange anteriorly and white behind.

As a fish grows, its colour pattern slowly changes. Adults have irregular rows of orange blotches on the body. On the operculum there is a black spot edged with yellow above and behind.

Size range

Choat's Wrasse grows to 11 cm in length.

Distribution

The species is endemic to Australia. It occurs from the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland south to the central coast of New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Macropharyngodon choati

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Choat's Wrasse Wrasse specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
choati
Genus:
Macropharyngodon
Family:
Labridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


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Tags fish, ichthyology, Choat's Wrasse, Macropharyngodon choati, Labridae, white, orange, black, 'normal fish', 10 cm - 30 cm, dots/spots, blotches/mottled, coral reef, marine, adult,