Animal Species:Chevroned Butterflyfish, Chaetodon trifascialis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
The Chevroned Butterflyfish occurs in tropical marine waters and typically inhabits inshore and offshore coral reefs and lagoons. The species is highly territorial and will defend its territory from other coral-eating butterflyfishes and members of its own species.
The Chevroned Butterflyfish has a white body with black chevron markings on the side. A black bar passes through the eye and the caudal fin is black with a yellow margin. Juvenile Chevroned Butterflyfish are similar to the adults, except they have a yellow caudal fin and a black bar across the rear of the body.
The species grows to 18 cm in length.
It occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-West and Central Pacific, from East Africa, north to Japan, south to Australia and east to the Society Islands. In Australia it is known from the south-western coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country, and south to the central coast of New South Wales.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
Chevroned Butterflyfish typically inhabit inshore and offshore coral reefs and lagoons. This fish is often seen as a solitary individual or in pairs associated with Staghorn coral Acropora spp. It is found in depths from 2 m to 30 m.
Feeding and Diet
The Chevroned Butterflyfish feeds on the mucous and polyps of the Acropora coral within its territory.
Other behaviours and adaptations
The species is highly territorial and will defend its territory from other coral-eating butterflyfishes and members of its own species.
Mating and reproduction
The territory of each male includes the territories of two or three females. Pairs of the Chevroned Butterflyfish spawn during the new and full moons.
- Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 220.
- Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & M. Allen. 1998. A Guide to Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research. Pp. 250.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Butterflyfishes. Bannerfishes and their relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Chaetodontidae & Microcanthidae. TMC Publishing. Pp. 208.
- Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics. Pp. 330.
- Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 251.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology