Animal Species:Bush Rat

The Bush Rat can be quite difficult to find because of its nocturnal habits and also because it prefers to nest hidden in dense forest.

Bush Rat

Nature Focus © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Bush Rat

Identification

A native rat, the Bush Rat is grey-brown in colour with rounded ears and a relatively short tail.

The Bush Rat has the following key features that help to distinguish it from other rats or marsupials:

  • Front teeth One pair of distinctive chisel shaped incisors with hard yellow enamel on front surfaces.
  • Head Pointed head.
  • Ears Conspicuous rounded ears.
  • Colouring Grey to grey-brown or reddish above, grey or cream below; dense soft fur.

Size range

Body 110 mm - 205 mm, tail 105 mm - 195 mm, weight 65 g - 225 g

Similar Species

Black Rat (Rattus rattus) and the Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus)

Distribution

The Bush Rat is found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and south-western Western Australia.

Habitat

The Bush Rat lives in forests, woodlands and heath. Bush Rats prefer to live in the dense forest understorey, sheltering in short burrows under logs or rocks and lining their nests with grass. They are not found often in urban areas.

Feeding and Diet

The Bush Rat is an omnivore and eats fungi, grasses, fruits, seeds and insects.

Feeding Habit

omnivore

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
fuscipes
Genus:
Rattus
Family:
Muridae
Order:
Rodentia
Subclass:
Eutheria
Class:
Mammalia
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?


Ondine Evans , Web Researcher/Editor
Last Updated:

Tags rats, rodents, vertebrates, mammals, eutherians, placentals, identification, wildlife of sydney,

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