Animal Species:Brownspotted Wrasse, Notolabrus parilus (Richardson, 1850)

The Brownspotted Wrasse is endemic to Australia.  It can be recognised by its unique markings of stripes and spots.

BrownSpotted Wrasse at Kangaroo Island

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Brownspotted Wrasse

Alternative Name/s

Brown-spotted Parrotfish, Orange-spotted Wrasse, Orangespotted Wrasse

Identification

The Brownspotted Wrasse can be recognised by its colouration. Females and juveniles are usually brownish or green, with a row of white spots on the sides of the body. There are irregular markings radiating out from the eyes. Males are reddish brown to brown above and white below. They have an irregular white stripe along the side of the body and orange, brown or white spots on the body.

Size range

The species grows to 49 cm in length.

Distribution

It is endemic to Australia, occuring from southern Victoria to the central coast of Western Australia, but is most common in southern Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Notolabrus parilus</

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Brownspotted Wrasse specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

It occurs in coastal algae covered rocky reefs to about 20 m in depth.

Classification

Species:
parilus
Genus:
Notolabrus
Family:
Labridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Gomon, M.F. & B.C. Russell. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
  2. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fish, Ichthyology, Brownspotted Wrasse, Notolabrus parilus, Labridae, silver, blue, brown, green, deep-bodied, 30 cm - 1 m, blotches/mottled, rocky reef, marine, adult,