Animal Species:Brown Surgeonfish, Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)

The Brown Surgeonfish occurs in shallow tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific. It is brown to purple-brown with small orange spots on the head and thorax and has a black spot at the rear of the dorsal and anal fin bases.

A Brown Surgeonfish at North Solitary Island

Ian Shaw © Ian Shaw

Standard Common Name

Brown Surgeonfish

Identification

The Brown Surgeonfish is brown to purple-brown with small orange spots on the head and thorax. There is a black spot at the rear of the dorsal and anal fin bases.

Size range

It grows to 21 cm in length.

Distribution

This species occurs in the Indo-Pacific region.

In Australia it is known from south-western to north-western Western Australia and from the northern Great Barrier Reef to northern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Acanthurus nigrofuscus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Brown Surgeonfish specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

Brown Surgeonfish lives in shallow tropical marine waters.

Classification

Species:
nigrofuscus
Genus:
Acanthurus
Family:
Acanthuridae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


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Tags fish, ichthyology, Brown Surgeonfish, Acanthurus nigrofuscus, brown, white, black, round, 10 cm - 30 cm, dots/spots, tropical marine, adult,