Animal Species:Brown Rat

The Brown Rat is an introduced rodent.

Standard Common Name

Brown Rat

Identification

The distinguishing characteristics of the Brown Rat include:

  • Front teeth: One pair of distinctive chisel shaped incisors with hard yellow enamel on front surfaces.
  • Head: Blunt muzzle with long whiskers.
  • Ears: Medium ears.
  • Colouring: Grey-brown above, white to grey below; shaggy bristly fur.
  • Tail: Short scaly tail, shorter than body.

 

Size range

Body 180-255 mm, Tail 150-215 mm, Weight 200-480 g

Similar Species

Black Rat; Water-rat

Habitat

Brown Rats shelter under bushes, in sewers and other urban sites, or construct deep burrow systems, make nests of shredded materials. Brown Rats are closely associated with humans and are common in coastal urban areas.

Classification

Species:
norvegicus
Genus:
Rattus
Family:
Muridae
Order:
Rodentia
Subclass:
Eutheria
Class:
Mammalia
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

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Tags rats, rodents, mammals, placentals, vertebrates, introduced, pest, identification,

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